The growing need of fast life is expecting more and more improvements in the drone technology. We now know that drones helps us to deliver drugs and vaccines, establish mobile communication networks when natural disasters occur, fight poaching and provide early warning of emerging conflicts. There are great signals that Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) could bring development.
The WWF non-governmental organisation, for example, plans to use the 'conservation drones'. In a first phase, WWF will test aerial surveillance technologies equipped with sensors to detect poachers and direct monitoring efforts. There are some techniques and WWF will focus on finding the right vehicle, with the right sensors and at the same time being cost-effective and easily operable for anti-poaching teams.
That work was made possible by a $ 5 million donation made in December by the Google Global Impact Awards, allowing WWF to test advanced but easily-replicable technologies in vulnerable sites in Asia and Africa's natural parks.
An air inspection system can inevitably combine with animal marking techniques and ranger patrols guided by analytical software to provide surveillance to detect and prevent poaching. This umbrella technology, coupled with the ground training of soldiers in the forefront of conservation, is critical in the fight against poachers and illegal wildlife trade. In a parallel initiative last year, WWF tested a basic aerial surveillance technology for animal monitoring and illicit trade activities in Chitwan National Park in Nepal.
The project is the result of a partnership between the police, the University of Sao Paulo and the company of aerial photography and development of drones AGX Technology. The president of the enterprise, Adriano Kancelkis, expects the scheme to become operational in July, provided they have obtained approval for the drones' flight by the Brazilian National Civil Aviation Agency.
The company is also developing an open source drone project, which will be available to other businesses and individuals. Kancelkis expects the technology to be developed widely in Brazil, which he believes would force the government to establish regulations for the use of drones, as well as facilitate the local production of essential components that currently imported.
The idea is to stimulate the development of other systems in Brazil. If all the technology is available, it could modify according to what is needed.
An example of these other possibilities comes from a team of USP's National Institute of Science and Technology in Critical Incorporated Systems, which has developed a way of using drones to spray plantations. The system, whose creators estimate could be commercially available within ten years, is based on ground sensors that send coordinates for the drone to fly on a pre-established route. According to the creators of the project, sensors can help minimise pesticide waste.
Safety is another factor that must take the note into account. We need to ensure that drones do not interfere with current air traffic. Drones used for civilian applications should be light, so they are unlikely to the case of a dramatic defect.
The application of drones in mining has spread worldwide as a good practice that helps among other things to work in all stages of the project from prospecting to execution. It allows planning, monitoring, control and follow-up of mine work, besides helping others to measure environmental impact.
Here a compilation of applications and best practices with the use of drones.
The United Nations International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is developing a governance framework for drone aviation among nations. The use of drones simply to transport goods from Emergency from a receiving base, with the consent and cooperation of all parties, can minimise ethical concerns.
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